Law & Gov

Law and Government

The United States is Running Parallel Governments

By Roger Sayles

The United States is running parallel governments.

For 23.5 years I have been studying the basics of law and the methods and techniques that the New World Order has so skillfully used to enslave the once freest people on the face of the earth. Few people really understand the uniqueness of the form of government our Forefathers founded and left us. Obviously, it has been totally corrupted and changed. 'How' the exact method that has been used was laid out exactly in my book, From Sovereign to Serf, Government by the Treachery and Deception of Words. However, some people, even truly wanting to understand still have a problem understanding the really relative simple trick that has been played.

The United States is Running Parallel Governments

The Gadsden flag; Don't Tread on Me. Image credit: Lexicon, Vikrum (Own work) [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.0 or CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

The United States is running parallel governments.

The explanation was greatly simplified, demonstrated and shown in actual application for a U.S. Passport in the video posted at A U.S. Passport for Ed Snowden. In the middle of that video is what must be the greatest open hidden secret in the history of the world, The Holy Grail, the 'the pyramid w/the all seeing eye', a Babylonian conceptual trap! Viewing the video plainly shows you the two distinct types of 'political status', or 'citizenship' (if you want to use a term where their double definition dialectal word trick can potentially confuse and trick your mind). One can easily look into The Declaration of Independence and see the words that are capitalized, “Citizen” being one of them along with “Rights” and “Duties.” I've tried to establish the phrase 'political status' as opposed to 'citizenship' for clarification purposes. The object of 'all' of this specificity is to assist people in “fine tuning” their thinking. “Muddy thinking”, not being specific, allows them to play opposite-definition word tricks. They get us thinking in 'generalities' and then come back and zap us with 'specificity'. This is the technique that has been used so effectively by the Satanists that has brought the world so very close to the literal brink of destruction where we now find ourselves no matter where we are located on the globe.

For all the years I've come to understand these complex concepts I have continually attempted to apply my growing familiarity in methods to show or explain what has been done in simpler ways so that more people can quickly 'uptake' their understanding. The reason is because when people find out they've been living in a world of opposite definitions they have to go back and 'think through' each situation where they have established a “reality theory” view of their personal and worldview situations. Untying all of these “double minded” knots in one's life takes time, concentration and effort.

Lately I have come to understand something I had actually noticed and identified numerous years ago. But, in this 'untie the knots' approach to understanding our jilted world now spinning out of control one can 'see' something, even 'know' some fact and still not know how it fits into the puzzle. What they have done is definitely complex and meant to deceive, trick and induce you into giving them the “Consent of the Governed” all the while not understanding what you are doing or agreeing to.

Oh, you didn't know they have 'the “Consent of the Governed”? Oh yes, you've given that to them many times over your lifetime! When you have been asked “are you a resident?” or “are you a citizen of the United States?” maybe even “are you a U.S. Person?” they were, in complex legally coded language asking you “are you a voluntary serf under the scope and purview of the 14th Amendment?”. You answered 'yes' and signed some type of legal document! As the legal cannon goes, “Ignorance of the law is 'no' excuse!” Hell, you 'should' know 'what you ARE', shouldn't you? YOU should know whether you're 'slave or free', 'free or bond' now, 'shouldn't you'? To get Biblical here, “my people die from lack of knowledge."

Let's go back to a 'basic' premise, back in time over 2,000 years. One of the truly greatest true statesman in the history of the world was Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106-43 B.C. Note the dates that he lived. Try to comprehend the importance of this quote written before the birth and death of Jesus Christ.

Power and law are not synonymous. In truth, they are frequently in opposition and irreconcilable. There is God‘s Law from which all equitable laws of man emerge and by which men must live if they are not to die in oppression, chaos and despair. Divorced from God‘s eternal and immutable Law, established before the founding of the suns, man‘s power is evil no matter the noble words with which it is employed or the motives urged when enforcing it. Men of good will, mindful therefore of the Law laid down by God, will oppose governments whose rule is by men, and if they wish to survive as a nation they will destroy the government which attempts to adjudicate by the whim of venal judges.

~ Marcus Tullius Cicero 106-43 B.C.

There are 'two' and “ONLY TWO” places men get their 'Rights' or 'rights'. The capital “R” Rights are the Natural God-Given Rights (with correlative Duties) as spelled out in The Declaration of Independence. The lower case “r” rights we today call 'civil rights' as installed and dictated by the 14th Amendment. Small 'r' rights are nothing more than 'privileges', privileges can be 'given' as well as 'taken away' and, even more importantly they can be, here's the key word, “regulated”! Hence the growth of “Administrative” or “Regulatory” Agencies, to “administrate” or “regulate” the new 'voluntary serfs' put into that condition with the Bankruptcy of the United States on March 9, 1933. From the Congressional Record. Congressman Louis T. McFadden, one of America‘s greatest Representatives. Thursday, May 4, 1933. (From Sovereign to Serf Government by the Treachery and Deception of Words)

Mr. McFadden. Mr. Chairman, the United States is bankrupt. It has been bankrupted by the corrupt and dishonest Federal Reserve banks. It has repudiated its debt to its own citizens. Its chief foreign creditor is Great Britain, and a British bailiff has been at the White House and British agents are in the United States Treasury making inventories and arranging terms of liquidation. In close cooperation with the British bailiff a French bailiff has been standing by with a staff of experts and 25 of the leading French journalists. The 'united front' has arrived at Washington.

Put into bondage that day in this banker manipulated 'bankruptcy' were 'all' the people in America at the time. This was done under the legal concepts of the 13th and 14th Amendment. Let's examine and dissect these two Constitutional Amendments.

It amazes me that the answers have been right there in front of all of our faces for 'all' these years. However, until you understand the basic premise of what is/has happening/happened you simply cannot fathom the depth of the trickery, treachery and deceit. Let's dissect the 13th Amendment.

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Note the first highlighted phrase “involuntary servitude”. Note that the term also is equally qualified with the preceding key word, 'slavery'. In law there is another concept termed 'legal by omission'. What the 13th does NOT make 'illegal' is “Voluntary Servitude” because it is 'not' expressly prohibited! Put in the dialectical form, “Voluntary Servitude” was made 'legal' by the 13th Amendment.

Now, secondly and equally if not 'more' important is the next key, highlighted, word. That word is “their”! “Their” is obviously referring to “PLURAL” or, the original states jurisdiction! So, these 'illegalities' and 'legalities' of the 13th Amendment apply to the states of the Union at the time of the Amendment's passing. This, again, capitalized here for emphasis, “PLURAL” denotation is highly important to not only 'note' but also 'understand'.

Now that we know “Voluntary Servitude” is 'legal by omission' in the existing 'states' let's move to the 14th Amendment's 1st sentence or clause.

Passed by Congress June 13, 1866. Ratified July 9, 1868.

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.

I am already planning on writing another, follow up article on SIX 'legal landmines' in the above sentence. For this article and our analysis here we'll concentrate on the highlighted text, the middle 'guts' of this dastardly addition to our National Constitution. You see, it has become vividly apparent to me, especially as of late, the more I understand the true dialectical nature of our traditional enemy, their plans and more importantly their methods of advancing their slavery agenda. It takes planning, stealth and years of scheming and conditioning of the people's minds to accomplish their goals! These amendments as well as a horrible 'Civil War' or, as, being a Southern boy I prefer to call it, “The War of Northern Aggression,” were ALL part of the more than 150 year old plan we live in now, unfolding to its predicted and intended results now in our collective lifetimes.

I don't think it takes much of an English language scholar to see the above center part of the 14th Amendment is framed in the 'singular'. “the jurisdiction thereof” is solo, one as diametrically opposed to the previous “their”, plural jurisdiction. Here you see the stark reality, right there in the U.S. Constitution the plain evidence that we have 'parallel governments'! The first the original composite of the original and added 'states', each considered a separate country. The second the post “War of Northern Aggression” singular 'federal government' now all powerful!

Now, let's reexamine the “Oath” on the current Application for U.S. Passport as examined in depth in From Sovereign to Serf Government by the Treachery and Deception of Words as well as the “A U.S. Passport for Ed Snowden” video on this website. Here you will see the two separate and distinct political statuses set forth plainly in the 13th & 14th Amendments to the Constitution discussed at length above."

“I declare under penalty of perjury that I am a United States citizen (or non-citizen national) and have not, since acquiring United States citizenship (or U.S. nationality), performed any of the acts listed under “Acts or Conditions” on the reverse of this application form (unless explanatory statement is attached). I declare under penalty of perjury that the statements made on this application are true and correct.”

They are 'to this day' running 'parallel governments'! The 'original' government, with God-Given Rights and Constitutional protections is still there, it still is operable and it still operates! The second, the federal government, with its 'regulatory/administrative agencies' to 'regulate/administrate' the post March 9, 1933 'voluntary serfs' or, even more correctly, 'federal property' has become predominant. It controls the entire country, it's business and it's 'property'. That, of course, would be YOU!

Changing this is, at least in action, a very simple and easy exercise. File, according to the U.S. Passport application, a 'declaration, including Affidavits' with the United States Secretary of State. That office is the highest office in the federal government with 'all' final authority on ALL matters concerning 'citizenship', therefore 'political status'.

Source: The United States is Running Parallel Governments

Posted by PeoplesPatriotNetwork in Law & Gov

MAGNA CARTA – Brent Allan Winters

Eight hundred years ago, the year 1215, Stephen Langton wrote Magna Carta in a moment's notice, King John signed it at the points of swords, and the Roman pope outlawed both Magna Carta and its drafter Steven Langton—because it is contrary to the civil-canon law of Rome.

Stephen Langton, King John, and that Roman pope are now gone. Magna Carta, however, lives on.

Magna Carta was rendered up from the sharpest adversity, a foundation of our common-law way of life. And since its signing, Magna Carta—as now also our United States Constitution—has been hacked, amended, cussed, misconstrued, and even chucked into the dustbin of history. Powerful men have read its eulogy, put it into a coffin, dug its grave, and formed its funeral procession. But somehow the intended corpse has refused to stay put, and understandably so, because its principles are timeless.

One of four surviving copies of the 1215 Magna Carta. This copy is one of two held at the British Library. It came from the collection of Sir Robert Cotton, who died in 1631. In 1731, a fire at Ashburnam House in Westminster, where his library was then housed, destroyed or damaged many of the rare manuscripts, which is why this copy is burnt.

Magna Carta in a Nutshell

Magna Carta begins—and ends—by declaring the Church in England free from all other powers, both foreign (Rome's pope) and domestic (England's Crown). It next follows with detailed protection of widows and orphans—a constant theme of the Bible. Then it limits the power of the banker's cabals of usury and bars the national government (the English Crown) from direct, personal tax-collection power over individuals; forbidding tax collectors, for instance, from taking a man's draught animals and tools necessary for him to feed his family or to satisfy a claimed tax obligation—also the Bible's first principle. It then follows with guarantees of due process (timely notice, a meaningful opportunity to be heard, and consent) before being taxed and trial by a jury of one's peers (neighbors).

And above all, Magna Carta affirms the required consent of the common-law jury of one's peers before the power of government may be used to take a man's life, liberty, or property—thus echoing the jury principle of both the Older and the Newer Testaments. Indeed, our own United States Constitution's limits for government are strikingly alike to Magna Carta's—not only in general principles but also in particulars.

Reasons for Magna Carta = Reasons for U.S. Constitution

The reasons Englishmen insisted upon Magna Carta are even more curious for their strong likeness to the reasons Americans now insist upon the courses of our common law: oppression of Islamic law, enslavement to usurious debt, and plundering of our valuable land by foreign powers.

Consider these facts:

First, King John, forced signer of Magna Carta, had promised the Islamic Sultan of Morocco that he would decree all England Islamic if the Sultan would loan him all the money he needed to fight the landholders of England, thus allowing Islamic law to replace England's common
law.

Second, King John had borrowed money from phariseeism's cabalistic moneylenders of England at outlandish interest rates of between 43 1/3 and 86 2/3 percent, per year, thus enslaving all England's landholders and descendants in never-ending debt—from the richest old Thane in the county to the lowest serf chained to the field.

Third, King John granted all of England's land to Rome's pope as the pope's personal fief, thus allowing the pope to collect the lion's share of taxes on all the produce of England's land.

Simply put, King John had sold his own country—high-born and low—down river into the three-fold tyranny of that ancient, yet ever-threatening, antagonist of freedom called Babylonianism:

(1) Babylon's law of the city (in this case, Islamic law), instead of God's law of the land (called our common law);

(2) enslavement of the country by bondage to usurers (called phariseeistic moneylenders, bankers), instead of freedom from debt;

(3) income taxation by demand of a foreign power (in this case the Vatican), instead of taxation by consent of the country.

Bottom line: King John had sold his own country into slavery of Islam's lawlessness, bankers' usury, and popery's taxation—the same three evils Americans now face.

Maga Carta Passes the Reliability Test

Without question, Magna Carta is a solid stepping stone—well-placed in a long line of stepping stones—of that common law which our Declaration of '76 calls the law of Nature unwritten in creation, meant to be observed and recognized, but always to be tested against that second grand volume of God's revelation of His will, which our Declaration of '76 calls the laws of Nature's God written in our Bible. As such, Magna Carta did that which our own Constitution of the United States also did: it sought not to establish anything new, but rather, to reach back, capture, re-established, and strengthened that which is old, namely, the laws of nature called the common law of the land. And this common law, says U.S. Supreme Court Justice James Wilson, is cleaner and more sensitive to individual rights of liberty, respecting life and property, than is the law of the city.

John Wycliffe accords, calling the law of the city "evil menes law," such as the civil law of Islam, of Rome, and of usurers. But these laws of Nature, observable in the nature of things, in life, and in relationships are—as our common law and Declaration of '76 both put it—consonant with the laws of
Nature's God written in our Bible. And this consonance stands to reason: Magna Carta's drafter Stephen Langton was not only the foremost Old-Testament commentator of his day but also provider of our Bible's present chapter divisions.

Thus does Magna Carta reflect our Bible's leading principles. Accordingly, it is said that Magna Carta not only remains in force but always will remain in force because it recognizes and affirms timeless principles, which, even though unwritten, are, nevertheless seeable—indeed obvious—in the nature of things; and further, are consonant with the laws of nature's God called the Bible.

The Big Paper Called Magna Carta Demands Our Response

Though King John signed Magna Carta in the year 1215, followed by Wycliffe having planted the seeds of how to enjoy its liberty, Magna Carta stayed asleep and unused until about the year 1529.

Parliament, had not met for seven years due to the despotic rule of the butcher's son of Ipswitch—the Roman papist called cardinal Wolsey. Then on 3 November of 1529, Henry VIII. called Parliament together. The times were ripe. This meeting released God's pent-up gumption-breath from Englishmen into the theretofore dead letter and dry bones of Magna Carta, quickening its words, raising from ground the law of the land. From that time forward, Magna Carta had behind it driving force—volts for its amps—; the United States of America is one of its chief results.

To be sure, Magna Carta's first principles are best understood in light of the threats Englishmen faced at that time of its drafting. But the same three threats of those times that drove Stephen Langton to draft Magna Carta, again rear their ugly heads: false law of Islam, enslavement to banker's usurious debt, and—to force payment the interest on that unlawful debt—, taxation of income. But further, the remedy to all such lawlessness remains, now as then, true law.

Thus must each American seek in his family, locally, and at every point, first, to purge the false law of Islam with our Declaration of '76's two-volume set of laws, the laws of nature learned from creation and the laws of nature's God learned from our Bible; second, to purge the banker's cabalistic monopoly of usury with the revival of real money, gold and silver coin; and third, to purge unlawful taxation with State and national legislation overturning the income tax.

Brent Allan Winters grew up on a farm north of Moonshine, Illinois; served as diver, U.S. Navy Mobile Diving Unit 1 and aboard carrier USS Coral Sea; worked as a geologist and mine operator; and ran for U.S. Congress. Brent has briefed cases in the United States Supreme Court, argued before the jury and appellate courts (both State and Federal), has represented clients in foreign countries, and clerked for a state appellate court judge.

Source: MAGNA CARTA

Posted by PeoplesPatriotNetwork in Law & Gov

Man or Other Animals – Alfred Adask

I am one of seven defendants being sued by the Attorney General of Texas for $25,000 per day. Each. That’s $750,000 per month and over $9 million per year for EACH alleged defendant. The issue centers on the manufacture and distribution of colloidal silver, which the government declares to be a “drug”.

This case started with an investigation in A.D. 2001 against the original three defendants: a husband, his wife and their corporation. They reportedly spent $160,000 on attorneys, went broke, filed for divorce and left the state of Texas.

Three more defendants (a man, his business and his trust) were joined to the case in January of A.D. 2005. I volunteered to be fiduciary for his trust in spring of A.D. 2006 and was soon added as the seventh defendant.

The Attorney General’s office admits that after seven years of investigation and hearings (estimated to have cost “this state” nearly $500,000), they haven’t found a single person who’s been injured or damaged by the defendants’ colloidal silver products, nor have they found a single customer or supplier who’s been defrauded out of a dime’s worth of payments or products. Nevertheless, the STATE is suing all seven defendants for over $9 million per year, each.

Al Adask - Man or other animals

Initially, the Attorney General’s office was bombarding all alleged defendants with certified mail containing new charges, amendments, motions every two to four weeks. However, after I sent the following document in October of A.D. 2006, the AG’s office went dead silent for five months. When they finally returned, the chief administrative judge for Travis County took control of the case and worked for three months to cause us to reach an out of court settlement with the AG’s office wherein we would not be required to pay one dime in fines or attorney’s fees to the AG’s office. The Assistant Attorney General in charge of the case confided that during his 22 years in the AGs office that 1) he’d never seen a judge work so hard to engineer an out-of-court settlement; and 2) he’d never heard of the AGs office being willing to not only abandon all claim of fines, but even abandon all claims of attorney’s fees against the defendants.

We had two more jurisdictional hearings in November of A.D. 2007, and then the court and AG’s office went dead silent again for (now) seven months. The AG’s office has now been silent on this matter for 12 out of the last 18 months. The case could start up again at any time, but we think we’ve stopped them. We think we’ve advanced arguments so strong, so politically explosive, that they don’t dare take us to court and risk making case law on our arguments.

Although we’ve advanced several strategies that we think might be unique and strong, the power of our case is our recognition that the federal and Texas laws regarding food and drugs presume man to be an “animal”. This presumption is anathema to fundamental principles of the “Declaration of Independence” and of the Jewish, Christian and (probably) Muslim faiths. This “man or other animals” presumption is blasphemous, absolutely contrary to any concept of religious freedom and a violation of the 1st Amendment’s prohibition against the “establishment of religion”.

I believe the “man or other animals” insight may provide the foundation for the most important challenges to governmental power in a century or more. This insight triggers issues bigger than Roe v. Wade, even bigger than the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s & 1970s. The government deems the people to be animals. In doing so, government lays the foundation for treating us as slaves, “human resources” and even exposing the sovereign people of The United States of America to genocide.

Really.

The issue is of explosive power because when President Nixon initiated the War on Drugs in A.D. 1971, he based that war on a definition of drugs that presumes man to be an animal. Nixon’s War on Drugs laid the foundation for the modern police state wherein the majority of police activity is based on pursuing people using or distributing drugs. That police state gave rise to the American “prison-industrial complex” that is the biggest prison complex in the world, and jails a higher percentage of Americans than any other legal system in the world. In our “Brave New” prison-industrial complex at least 70% of the prisoners are there for drug-related crimes.

This suggest that 70% of the prison industrial complex, and possibly 70% of the modern police state are built on the War on Drugs—which, in turn, is built on a tiny legal definition that expressly declares man to be an “animal” and thereby violates fundamental constitutional and religious principles. The whole, goddamned police state is built on the presumption that people are animals, and to the best of my knowledge, I may be the first layman to read the law in almost 100 years to realize the spiritual implications of the phrase “man or other animals”.

Y’know why I may be the first to understand “man or other animals” in most of a century? Because the Good LORD lets me see. I’d like to take credit, but I know it’s not true. The Good LORD has been slowly educating me for, now, 25 years. Why He does so is a mystery to me. Perhaps he’s preparing me for something. Or maybe not. But He helps me to understand, He helps me to see, and so I have.

The following document was the first “public” expression of my understanding of the “man or other animals” laws. The AG’s office has now invested at least six years and perhaps $500,000 in this case. I can’t prove it, but I believe the insights in the following document shut ‘em down. IF that’s so, that’s evidence of serious power.

I believe the insight contained in the following text may ultimately destroy or at least cripple the U.S. police state and prison-industrial complex—and then there’s billions of dollars in major pharmaceutical corporation profits—all of which depend on the mere words of a seemingly innocuous definition of drugs.

I’ve had this insight for most of two years, and every time I again really consider it and its implications, I get chills. This is BIG.

Praise the LORD.


The United States of America

The State of Texas

The County of Dallas

Verified Notice of Special Appearance and Answer to Plaintiff’s 5th Amended Petition.

Comes now, by special appearance, a living man of full age whose proper name is “Alfred Adask” and who is 1) a beneficiary of The Constitution of The State of Texas; 2) voluntarily acting as fiduciary for the TRT-95 trust; and 3) acting at arm’s length with regard to all other men, women, children, persons and entities. I have personal knowledge of the following facts and, consistent with Article 1 Section 5 of The Constitution of The State of Texas, declare those facts to be true, correct and complete under the pains and penalties of perjury of the laws of The United States of America–the perpetual Union created by the Articles of Confederation of circa A.D. 1777.

The issue of special appearance must be determined before the court proceeds to other issues. However, in support of both this special appearance and answer to Plaintiff’s 5th Amended Petition in the matter of GV400268, I declare the same following facts:

PRELIMINARY DECLARATION OF SPIRITUAL STATUS

  1. “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” Genesis 1:1, NKJV
  2. “Then God said, ‘ Let us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.’ so God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. Then God bless them, and God said to them, ‘ be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.'” Genesis 1: 26-28, NKJV [emphasis added.]
  3. “Jesus answered him, ‘The first of all the commandments is: ‘ Hear, O Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is one. And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first commandment. And the second, like it, is this ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.'”
  4. The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America of July 4th, A.D. 1776 (a.k.a. “Declaration of Independence”) is the first of four instruments comprising the Organic Law of the perpetual Union styled “The United States of America”.
  5. The second sentence of said “Declaration of Independence” declares: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” [Emphasis added.]
  6. The third sentence of said “unanimous Declaration” declares: “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” [Emphasis added.]
  7. I am a man created by and in the image of our Father YHWH, the Living God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel and Father of the Christ Yashua.
  8. I deny that I am an animal.
  9. I deny that I do business or enter into transactions with animals.
  10. My capacity is that of a “lawful man” who has full legal capacity and full legal rights; one who has not been deprived of any rights in court by outlawry, excommunication of infamy; one who is able to stand rectus in curia (“right in court”), able to serve as a juror and to swear an oath. [See “legalis homo” on p. 913, Black’s Law Dictionary, 8th Ed., A.D. 2004.]
  11. I am a citizen of The United States of America.
  12. I am a beneficiary of The Constitution of The State of Texas.
  13. I am intentionally resident and domiciled exclusively within the boundaries of The State of Texas–a member-state of the perpetual Union styled “The United States of America”.
  14. My proper name is “Alfred Adask”.
  15. I use the name “ALFRED ADASK” only as an alias and without any attendant disability.
  16. As evidenced by Title 18, Section 1342 of the United States Code, the Act of June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 763, and Public Law 91-375, Sec. 6(j)(12), Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 778, and Public Law 103-322, title XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(H), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147, in concert declare:

“Whoever, for the purpose of conducting, promoting, or carrying on by means of the Postal Service, any scheme or device mentioned in section 1341 of this title or any other unlawful business, uses or assumes, or requests to be addressed by, any fictitious, false, or assumed title, name, or address or name other than his own proper name, or takes or receives from any post office or authorized depository of mail matter, any letter, postal card, package, or other mail matter addressed to any such fictitious, false, or assumed title, name, or address, or name other than his own proper name, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.”

SPECIAL APPEARANCE–In Personam Jurisdiction

  1. I am domiciled, intentionally resident, and acting exclusively within the boundaries of the perpetual Union styled “The United States of America” and/or within the boundaries of The State of Texas–a member-State of said perpetual Union.
  2. I am a Citizen of the United States of America.
  3. I am a beneficiary of The Constitution of The State of Texas.
  4. I deny that I have acted at any time relevant to GV400268 at a place outside the boundaries of The United States of America–the perpetual Union.
  5. I deny that I am resident in any “state” other than The State of Texas–a member-state of the perpetual Union styled “The United States of America”.
  6. I declare that, as per my express agreement to serve as fiduciary for the TRT-95 trust in the matter of GV400268, all of my functions are to take place exclusively within the boundaries of the perpetual Union created by the Articles of Confederation of circa A.D. 1777 and styled “The United States of America”.
  7. The 13th Amendment–adopted December 18, A.D. 1865– to The Constitution of The United States of America declares in part: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
  8. The plaintiffs in GV 400268 are attempting to subject me to involuntary servitude as trustee for TRT-95 and/or defendant.
  9. I deny that I am amenable to service as trustee for TRT-95 and/or as a defendant in GV400268 in any “state” other than The State of Texas–a member-State of the perpetual Union styled “The United States of America”.
  10. I deny that any court of “this state,” the territorial STATE OF TEXAS, and/or TX has personal jurisdiction over me as a trustee for TRT-95 or as a defendant in the matter of GV400268.
  11. I deny that the Texas Department of State Health Services, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and/or the Office of the Attorney General or any other independent administrative agency has personal jurisdiction over me in the matter of GV400268.
  12. I deny that any judge acting in an administrative capacity as a “hearing officer” or other “employee” of an independent administrative agency has personal jurisdiction over me in the matter of GV400268.

Defective Service

TRCP 13

  1. “TRCP 13. EFFECT OF SIGNING OF PLEADINGS, MOTIONS & OTHER PAPERS; SANCTIONS. The signatures of attorneys or parties constitute a certificate by them that they have read the pleading, motion, or other paper; that to the best of their knowl­edge, information, and belief formed after reasonable inquiry the instrument is not groundless and brought in bad faith or groundless and brought for the purpose of harassment. Attorneys or parties who shall bring a fic­titious suit as an experiment to get an opinion of the court, or who shall file any fictitious pleading in a cause for such a purpose, or shall make statements in plead­ing which they know to be groundless and false, for the purpose of securing a delay of the trial of the cause, shall be held guilty of a contempt. If a pleading, motion or other paper is signed in violation of this rule, the court, upon motion or upon its own initiative, after no­tice and hearing, shall impose an appropriate sanction available under Rule 215-2b, upon the person who signed it, a represented party, or both.

“Courts shall presume that pleadings, motions, and other papers are filed in good faith. No sanctions under this rule may be imposed except for good cause, the par­ticulars of which must be stated in the sanction order. “Groundless” for purposes of this rule means no basis in law or fact and not warranted by good faith argument for the extension, modification, or reversal of existing law. A general denial does not constitute a violation of this rule. The amount requested for damages does not constitute a violation of this rule.”

  1. Appleton v. Appleton, 76 S.W.3d 78, 86-87 (Tex. App.-Houston [14th Dist.] 2002, no pet.). “One pur­pose of [TRCP 13] is to check abuses in the pleading process; that is, to ensure that at the time the chal­lenged pleading was filed, the litigant’s position was factually grounded and legally tenable …. Bad faith does not exist when a party merely exercises bad judg­ment or is negligent; rather, ‘it is the conscious doing of a wrong for dishonest, discriminatory, or malicious pur­poses.'”
  2. Plaintiffs’ have lied repeatedly and persistently in GV400268 (see attached Affidavit of Alfred Adask filed on September 7th, A.D. 2006 with Travis County District Clerk.)

TRCP 15

  1. “TRCP 15. WRITS & PROCESS. The style of all writs and process shall be “The State of Texas;” and unless otherwise specially provided by law or these rules every such writ and process shall be directed to any sheriff or any constable within the State of Texas, shall be made returnable on the Monday next after expiration of twenty days from the date of service thereof, and shall be dated and attested by the clerk with the seal of the court impressed thereon; and the date of issuance shall be noted thereon.”
  2. The citation accompanying Plaintiffs 5th Amended Petition does not contain the words “The State of Texas” and is therefore defective.

TRCP 16

  1. “TRCP 16. SHALL ENDORSE ALL PROCESS. Every officer or authorized person shall endorse on all process and precepts coming to his hand the day and hour on which he received them, the manner in which he executed them, and the time and place the process was served and shall sign the returns officially.” [Emphasis added.]
  2. Citation accompanying Plaintiff’s 5th Amended Petition was signed by “Duke Roberts” with accompanying date of “09-28-06” but is defective in that citation fails to specify the “hour on which he received” such process.

TRCP 99(b)

  1. “TRCP 99. ISSUANCE & FORM OF CITATION

. . . .

“b. Form. The citation shall (1) be styled “The State of Texas,” (2) be signed by the clerk under seal of court , (3) contain name and location of the court, (4) show date of filing of the petition, (5) show date of issuance of citation, (6) show file number, (7) show names of parties, (8) be directed to the defendant, (9) show the name and address of attorney for plaintiff, otherwise the address of plaintiff, (10) contain the time within which these rules require the defendant to file a written answer with the clerk who issued citation, (11) contain address of the clerk, and (12) shall notify the defendant that in case of failure of defendant to file an answer, judgment by default may be rendered for the relief demanded in the petition. The citation shall di­rect the defendant to file a written answer to the plain­tiffs petition on or before 10:00 a.m. on the Monday next after the expiration of twenty days after the date of service thereof. The requirement of subsections 10 and 12 of this section shall be in the form set forth in section c of this rule.”

  1. The citation accompanying Plaintiffs’ 5th Amended Petition to Alfred Adask did not contain the text “The State of Texas” and is defective.
  2. The citation accompanying Plaintiffs’ 5th Amended Petition to Alfred Adask declared that the file number was “D-1-GV-04-000268”; all previous process in this matter has been denominated with “Cause No. GV 400268”; plaintiffs failure to specify a single cause number throughout the case constitutes defective service and insufficient notice.

TRCP 105

  1. “TRCP 105. DUTY OF OFFICER OR PERSON RECEIVING. The officer or authorized person to whom process is delivered shall endorse thereon the day and hour on which he received it, and shall execute and return the same without delay.”
  2. The person receiving process for service to Alfred Adask signed “Duke Roberts” and wrote “09-28-06” on the citation but failed to specify the hour when he received the process; said citation is defective.
  3. On subsequent “Return of Process” sent to Alfred Adask by Assistant Attorney General Raul Noriega on or about October 18th, A.D. 2006, it is claimed that Plaintiff’s 5th Amended Petition came to process servers hand on the “9th day of August, 2006 at 9:30 o’clock A.M.” but was not “executed” until the “28th day of September, 2006 at 5:00 o’clock P.M.”; said process is defective for unwarranted delay in service of approximately 49 days.
  4. Melendez v. John R. Schatzman, Inc., 685 S.W.2d 137, 138 (Tex.App.-EI Paso 1985, no writ). Service by certified mail “was attempted … ; however, it does not appear that the officer receiving delivery of the process for service endorsed thereon the day and hour of re­ceipt, nor was the return completed showing the execu­tion by certified mail, all as required by Rule 105 …. “ [Emphasis added.]
  5. Uvalde Country Club v. Martin Linen Sup. Co., 690 S.W.2d 884, 885 (Tex.1985). “There are no pre­sumptions in favor of valid issuance, service, and return of citation in the face of a writ of error [now a restricted appeal] attack on a default judgment. Moreover, failure to affirmatively show strict compliance with the [TRCPs] renders the attempted service of process in­valid and of no effect.” [Emphasis added.]
  6. I do not waive my right to lawful service.
  7. Pending service by means of process accompanied by a valid citation, I have not yet been lawfully served in the matter of GV400268 in the alleged capacities of “trustee” or “defendant” and cannot yet be proceeded against in either of said capacities.

Division of Powers

  1. Article 2 Section 1 of The Constitution of The State of Texas declares: “The powers of the Government of the State of Texas shall be divided into three distinct departments, each of which shall be confided to a separate body of magistracy, to wit: Of those which are Legislative to one; those which are Executive to another; and those which are Judicial to another; and no person or collection of persons being of one of these departments, shall exercise any power properly attached the either of the others, except in the instances herein expressly permitted.”
  2. Plaintiffs seek to impose an excessive penalty of $25,000 per day against me as an alleged defendant in GV 400268 by means an administrative proceeding wherein I am deprived of my right as a beneficiary of The Constitution of The State of Texas to trial by an impartial judicial tribunal acting under the exclusive authority of Article 5 of said Constitution.
  3. I demand my right to be tried judicially rather than administratively.
  4. This court lacks in personam jurisdiction to proceed against me administratively in the matter of GV400268.

Plaintiffs’ Unclean Hands

  1. The “clean-hands doctrine” embodies the principles of the party cannot seek equitable relief or assert an equitable defense if that party has violated an equitable principles such as good-faith.
  2. Telling lies, repeatedly and persistently, for the sake of gaining advantage in an alleged lawsuit is a violation of equitable principles.
  3. Plaintiffs — especially Assistant Attorney General Raul Noriega — have lied repeatedly and persistently in the matter of GV 400268 to gain unfair and unwarranted advantage over alleged defendants. (See, as supporting evidence, attached “Notice by Affidavit of Alfred Adask” filed on September 7th, A.D. 2006 with Travis County District Clerk.)
  4. It is a maxim of law that litigants approaching a court of equity with “unclean hands” are to be denied the court’s insistence, and the litigants are to be left in the same condition as existed before the plaintiff approached the court.

SPECIAL APPEARANCE–Subject Matter Jurisdiction

No Case Exists

  1. Court-ordered discovery in the matter of GV 400268 expired on April 21, A.D. 2006.
  2. Alleged defendants in the matter of GV 400268, Alfred Adask and Ben Taylor, were denied proper notice for the continuance hearing held on or about August 17, A.D. 2006.
  3. The court order dated on or about August 17, A.D. 2006 authorizing a continuance in the matter of GV 400268 is void for a violation of due process.
  4. The court-ordered date–on or about August 28th, A.D. 2006–set for trial in the matter of GV400268 has come and gone without the plaintiffs appearing to prosecute their alleged lawsuit.
  5. The lawsuit GV 400268 has been abandoned for want of prosecution and is currently dead.
  6. This court can have no subject matter jurisdiction over a case which no longer exists.

Unconstitutional Fine

  1. Article 1 Section 13 of The Constitution of The State of Texas declares: “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment inflicted. Old courts shall be opened, and every person for an injury done to him, in his lands, goods, person a reputation shall have a remedy by due course of law.” [Emphasis added.]
  2. Plaintiffs seek to impose an excessive penalty of $25,000 per day against me as an alleged defendant in GV 400268; such penalty is outrageous, excessive and violates my rights as a beneficiary of The Constitution of The State of Texas.
  3. Plaintiffs seek to impose an excessive penalty of $25,000 per day against me as an alleged defendant in GV 400268 based on an administrative proceeding wherein I am deprived of my right as a beneficiary of The Constitution of The State of Texas to due course of law.
  4. This court lacks subject matter jurisdiction to proceed to enforce excessive and unconstitutional fines in the matter of GV400268.

Conflict of Law

  1. Plaintiffs seek to impose an excessive penalty of $25,000 per day against me as an alleged defendant in GV 400268 based on an administrative proceeding which presumes the correct substantive law is private law.
  2. I deny that the correct substantive law in this matter is private law.
  3. I declare that the proper substantive law to resolve any issues alleged by plaintiffs in GV 400268 against myself is The Constitution of the State of Texas and/or the Public Law that conforms to said Constitution.
  4. A conflict of law exists between plaintiffs in GV 400268 and alleged trustee and/or alleged defendant Alfred Adask.
  5. Determination of what law applies to a particular case is the essential judicial power.
  6. I deny that an administrative court can have subject matter jurisdiction over a case where there is a known and express conflict of law.

Freedom of Religion

  1. Plaintiffs Motion for Summary Judgment dated on or about May 31st, A.D. 2006 declared in part:

“4.2. Definition of a “drug” pursuant to state and federal health codes.

“The key to this case lies in determining, at law and not as a matter of fact, whether the Defendants’ colloidal products met the definition of a “drug” when mislabeled, falsely advertised, and sold as products intended to treat disease. TEX. HEALTH & SAFETY CODE §431.002(14) provides in pertinent part: [Bold emphasis added by Alfred Adask.]

“Drug” means articles recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia National Formulary, or any supplement to it, articles designed or intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals, [emphasis added] articles, other than food, intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals, [emphasis added] and articles intended for use as a component of any article specified in this subdivision. The term does not include devices or their components, parts, or accessories. A food for which a claim is made in accordance with Section 403(r) of the federal Act, and for which the claim is approved by the secretary, [emphasis added] is not a drug solely because the label or labeling contains such a claim. [Bold emphasis added by Alfred Adask.]

“The federal code, upon which the state code is based and which is virtually identical, is 21 U.S.C.A. §321(g)(1), which provides in pertinent part:

“The term “drug” means (A) articles recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them; and (B) articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals [emphasis added]; and (C) articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals [emphasis added]; and (D) articles intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (A), (B), or (C). A food or dietary supplement for which a claim, subject to sections 343(r)(1)(B) and 343(r)(3) of this title or sections 343(r)(1)(B) and 343(r)(5)(D) of this title, is made in accordance with the requirements of section 343(r) of this title [emphasis added] is not a drug solely because the label or the labeling contains such a claim. A food, dietary ingredient, or dietary supplement for which a truthful and not misleading statement is made in accordance with section 343(r)(6) of this title is not a drug under clause (C) solely because the label or the labeling contains such a statement. [Bold emphasis added by Alfred Adask.]

“Defendants’ colloidal products were therefore `drugs’ within the meaning of TEx. HEALTH & SAFETY CODE §431.002(14) and 21 U.S.C. §321(g)(1) because they were labeled and advertised with testimonials and sold with the intent for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals” or in some instances, because they are sold with the intent of affecting “the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals“. These products, when sold with the testimonial claims regarding treatment of disease, cannot be dietary supplements because none of the Defendants have ever applied to the USFDA nor received approval for the claims on these products published by Defendants on their Internet web sites.”

  1. Note well that the phrase “man or other animals” appears twice in the cited state law, twice in the cited federal law, and twice more in the plaintiffs’ conclusion and summary–for a total of six instances in plaintiffs’ text.
  2. Plaintiffs argue, in essence, that the “key” to determining the allegations in GV400268 is determining “at law” whether alleged defendants advertised and sold alleged “drugs” with the “intent for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals” or “sold with the intent of affecting ‘the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals’.”
  3. The phrase “man or other animals” can only be read to mean that, under the alleged laws and arguments advanced by plaintiffs, “man” is viewed by plaintiffs and/or our current government as nothing more than an “animal”.
  4. I am a man endowed by my Creator with certain unalienable Rights.
  5. I deny that I am an animal.
  6. I deny that I do business with animals.
  7. I eat animals.
  8. I am a Protestant Christian.
  9. I fear the LORD; I am sincere in my faith.
  10. “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” Genesis 1:1, The Bible.
  11. “Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, “be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that moves upon the earth.” Genesis 1: 26-28, The Bible.
  12. Plaintiffs’ argument that “men” are “animals” defies the fundamental precept of the Jewish and Christian faiths that of all earthly creations, man–and man alone–is made in God’s image and separate from animals in that man is endowed by God with dominion over animals.
  13. Plaintiffs’ attempt to compel me, other alleged defendants, and all other men and women to accept the status of animals violates my sincerely held religious beliefs.
  14. “‘Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the law?’ Jesus said to him,’ you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.'” Matthew 22:36-40
  15. Plaintiff’s “key” contention that “men” are “animals” prevents me–a man–from loving my fellow man.
  16. The “Declaration of Independence” declares in part: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” [Emphasis added.]
  17. I deny that “animals” are endowed by their Creator with any “unalienable Rights.”
  18. The third sentence of the “Declaration of Independence” declares the principle duty of government: “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”
  19. I am a man; the principal business of Government and its officers is to secure my God-given, unalienable Rights.
  20. Plaintiffs’ attempt to equate all “men” with “animals” deprives me of the benefit of religious freedom and of the benefit of God-given, unalienable rights.
  21. Plaintiffs’ attempt to equate all “men” with “animals” is an attempt to establish a pagan religion that is contrary to the principles of the Jewish and Christian faiths and impose this pagan religion upon the people of The United States of America.
  22. A plea to the jurisdiction is proper when the dispute clearly involves ecclesiastical matters over which the courts have no jurisdiction. See Hawkins v. Friendship Missionary Baptist Ch., 69 S.W.3d 756,758-59 (Tex.App.-Houston [14th Dist.] 2002, no pet.); Green v. United Pentecostal Ch. Int’l, 899 S.W.2d 28, 30 (Tex.App.-Austin 1995, writ denied); Patterson v. Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 858 S.W.2d 602,604-05 (Tex.App.-Fort Worth 1993, no writ); see also Williams v. Gleason, 26 S.W.3d 54, 55-56 (Tex.App.­Houston [14th Dist.] 2000, pet. denied) (resolved issue by motion for summary judgment). Secular courts cannot constitutionally determine the truth or falsity of religious matters. Tilton v. Marshall, 925 S.W.2d 672, 678-79 (Tex.1996); see also Serbian E. Orthodox Diocese v. Milivojevich, 426 U.S. 696, 723 (1976) (religious controver­sies are not proper subject of civil court inquiry).
  23. “As a threshold requirement, [defendant] must demonstrate that her refusal to be photographed is grounded upon a sincerely held religious belief. See Stevens v. Berger, 428 F.Supp. 896, 899 (E.D.N.Y.1977). Although a religious belief requires something more than a purely secular philosophical or personal belief, Wisconsin v. Yoder, supra, 406 U.S. at 215-16, 92 S.Ct. at 1533-34, courts have approved an expansive definition of religion. See United States v. Seeger, 380 U.S. 163, 165-66, 85 S.Ct. 850, 853-54, 13 L.Ed.2d 733 (1965) (test is whether “a given belief that is sincere and meaningful occupies a place in the life of its possessor parallel to that filled by the orthodox belief in God”); see also International Society for Krishna Consciousness, Inc. v. Barber, 650 F.2d 430, 440 (2d Cir.1981); Founding Church of Scientology v. United States, 409 F.2d 1146 (D.C.Cir.), cert. denied, 396 U.S. 963, 90 S.Ct. 434, 24 L.Ed.2d 427 (1969).” Quaring v Peterson, 728 F.2d 1121 (A.D. 1983)
  24. “[T]he guarantee of free exercise is not limited to beliefs which are shared by all of the members of a religious sect. Particularly in this sensitive area, it is not within the judicial function and judicial competence to inquire whether the petitioner or his fellow [adherent] more correctly perceived the commands of their common faith. Courts are not arbiters of scriptural interpretation.” Thomas v. Review Board, supra, 450 U.S. at 715-16, 101 S.Ct. at 1430-31.
  25. “Under the proper analysis, a burden upon religion exists when ‘the state conditions receipt of an important benefit upon conduct proscribed by a religious faith, * * * thereby putting substantial pressure on an adherent to modify his behavior and to violate his beliefs.” Thomas v. Review Board, supra, 450 U.S. at 717-18, 101 S.Ct. at 1431-32.
  26. By treating all “men” to be “animals,” the state withholds from me the important benefits and/or unalienable Rights of free association and pursuit of Happiness.
  27. “In Sherbert v. Verner, supra, . . . the Supreme Court held that in denying unemployment benefits to a member of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church who refused to work on Saturdays, the Sabbath of her faith, the state violated her right to the free exercise of religion. 374 U.S. at 402, 83 S.Ct. at 1792. Assessing the burden of the denial of benefits on the Sabbatarian’s exercise of her religion, the Court commented,

“The [denial] forces her to choose between following the precepts of her religion and forfeiting benefits, on the one hand, and abandoning one of the precepts of her religion [not working on Saturdays] in order to accept work, on the other hand. Id. at 404, 83 S.Ct. at 1794.” Quaring v Peterson, supra.

  1. Under the pretext of treating all “men” as “animals,” plaintiffs attempt to force me and other alleged defendants to choose between following the precepts of our religion and forfeiting benefits, on the one hand, and abandoning one of the precepts of our religion [recognizing our fellow men has made in the image of God rather than as animals] in order to work without the threat of undue regulation and excessive fines arbitrarily impose by “this state”.
  2. For additional facts supporting this “Verified Notice of Special Appearance and Answer to Plaintiff’s 5th Amended Petition,” see attached “Notice By Affidavit of Alfred Adask” filed with the Travis County District Clerk on September 7th, A.D. 2006.

Further affiant says nought.

s/ Alfred Adask

This article was originally created and published by Alfred Adask and is published here under a Creative Commons license with attribution. Source: "Man or Other Animals" #1

In the final analysis, the entire problem with government is a spiritual war. It took me decades to understand that fundamental truth. My understanding is still imperfect and growing, but there’s no a doubt in my mind that we are engaged in Holy War against a government, against a system, that is, at bottom (or more properly, at the very top), ungodly and arguably Luceferian. I am a watchman and a witness. It is not merely my duty to expose this ungodly system, it is my privilege, my calling and my blessing. Praise our Father YHWH Elohiym!

~ Al Adask

Posted by PeoplesPatriotNetwork in Law & Gov

Definition of Liberty 1828 Webster’s Dictionary

LIB'ERTY, noun [Latin libertas, from liber, free.]

1. Freedom from restraint, in a general sense, and applicable to the body, or to the will or mind. The body is at liberty when not confined; the will or mind is at liberty when not checked or controlled. A man enjoys liberty when no physical force operates to restrain his actions or volitions.

Statue of Liberty, NY2. Natural liberty consists in the power of acting as one thinks fit, without any restraint or control, except from the laws of nature. It is a state of exemption from the control of others, and from positive laws and the institutions of social life. This liberty is abridged by the establishment of government.

3. Civil liberty is the liberty of men in a state of society, or natural liberty so far only abridged and restrained, as is necessary and expedient for the safety and interest of the society, state or nation. A restraint of natural liberty not necessary or expedient for the public, is tyranny or oppression. civil liberty is an exemption from the arbitrary will of others, which exemption is secured by established laws, which restrain every man from injuring or controlling another. Hence the restraints of law are essential to civil liberty.

The liberty of one depends not so much on the removal of all restraint from him, as on the due restraint upon the liberty of others.

In this sentence, the latter word liberty denotes natural liberty.

4. Political liberty is sometimes used as synonymous with civil liberty But it more properly designates the liberty of a nation, the freedom of a nation or state from all unjust abridgment of its rights and independence by another nation. Hence we often speak of the political liberties of Europe, or the nations of Europe.

5. Religious liberty is the free right of adopting and enjoying opinions on religious subjects, and of worshiping the Supreme Being according to the dictates of conscience, without external control.

6. Liberty in metaphysics, as opposed to necessity, is the power of an agent to do or forbear any particular action, according to the determination or thought of the mind, by which either is preferred to the other.

Freedom of the will; exemption from compulsion or restraint in willing or volition.

7. Privilege; exemption; immunity enjoyed by prescription or by grant; with a plural. Thus we speak of the liberties of the commercial cities of Europe.

8. Leave; permission granted. The witness obtained liberty to leave the court.

9. A space in which one is permitted to pass without restraint, and beyond which he may not lawfully pass; with a plural; as the liberties of a prison.

10. Freedom of action or speech beyond the ordinary bounds of civility or decorum. Females should repel all improper liberties.

To take the liberty to do or say any thing, to use freedom not specially granted.

To set at liberty to deliver from confinement; to release from restraint.

To be at liberty to be free from restraint.

Liberty of the press, is freedom from any restriction on the power to publish books; the free power of publishing what one pleases, subject only to punishment for abusing the privilege, or publishing what is mischievous to the public or injurious to individuals.

First occurrence in the Bible(KJV)

Definition of Liberty - http://webstersdictionary1828.com/Dictionary/liberty

Posted by PeoplesPatriotNetwork in Law & Gov